Fatigue

Fatigue, whether from cancer or from the demands of caregiving, can impair your quality of life, but several therapies can relieve symptoms and provide relief.

Fatigue at a glance

Cancer-related fatigue, whether a symptom of cancer or a side effect of treatment, includes unexplained, persistent, profound, and relapsing exhaustion, lasting a long time and not relieved by rest. It can be a substantial obstacle to quality of life during cancer treatment. Caregivers are also at risk of fatigue, and the therapies mentioned here may provide relief to caregivers as well as people with cancer.

Top practices and therapies for managing fatigue

Therapies and practices we have reviewed

The effects of these practices and therapies are described below on this page. Full details of evidence are on the therapy reviews, accessible through the image links below.

Therapies and practices we have reviewed—the effects of these practices and therapies are described below. Full details of evidence are on the therapy reviews, accessible through the image links below.

Further therapies

Therapies recommended in clinical practice guidelines but that we haven’t yet reviewed; see belowUse your browser's Back button to return to this location. for guidelines ›

Energy therapies, including Therapeutic Touch™, healing touch, reiki, polarity therapy, external qigong and electromagnetics

Ginseng

Hypnotherapy

Light therapy

Massage therapy

Mindfulness-based approaches

Psychosocial therapies:

  • Behavioral therapy
  • Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT)
  • Cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I)
  • Information and counseling
  • Mind-body stress reduction (MBSR)
  • Psychoeducational therapies/educational therapies
  • Stimulus control/sleep restriction/sleep hygiene

Other therapies

Several other therapies have some evidence of benefit. The benefit may be meaningful or even substantial, but our reviews show the evidence so far is preliminary.

Acupressure

Electroacupuncture

Fermented wheat germ extract

Guided imagery

Healing touch

Polarity therapy 

Reiki 

Reishi mushroom

Support groups and interventions

Therapeutic Touch™

On this page

What is fatigue?

Fatigue as a symptom of cancer or side effect of treatment goes well beyond simply feeling temporarily tired or worn out, such as from a sleepless night. It is “unexplained, persistent, and relapsing exhaustion,”1How Tired Is Too Tired? Web MD. April 21, 2021. Viewed May 11, 2022. and it “lasts longer, is more profound and isn’t relieved by rest.”2Mayo Clinic staff. Fatigue. Mayo Clinic. December 2, 2020. Viewed May 11, 2022.

Caregivers can also experience fatigue. Caregiver fatigue occurs when the caregiver feels physically, emotionally, and physically exhausted, often leading to a change in attitude. Neglecting your mental and physical health and allowing long-term stress to linger can result in caregiver burnout.3Stringfellow A. What is Caregiver Fatigue? Seniorlink Blog. March 11, 2019. Viewed May 17, 2022. Caregivers often give priority to the health and well-being of their loved one needing care, forgetting to care for themselves. Preventing fatigue or addressing it when it first arises with good self-care is essential for the well-being of both you and your loved one.

What are the signs or symptoms of fatigue? 

Warning signs of impending cancer-related fatigue:4Cancer Fatigue. Cleveland Clinic. September 8, 2021. Viewed May 24, 2022.

  • Tired eyes
  • Tired legs
  • Whole body tiredness
  • Stiff shoulders
  • Decreased energy or lack of energy
  • Inability to concentrate
  • Weakness or malaise
  • Boredom or lack of motivation
  • Sleepiness
  • Increased irritability
  • Nervousness, anxiety or impatience

Symptoms of fatigue:5Cancer-Related Fatigue. Moffitt Cancer Center. July 15, 2015. Viewed May 24, 2022.

  • Chronic tiredness or sleepiness unrelieved by a good night’s sleep
  • Feeling tired even after having slept
  • No energy to perform regular activities
  • Difficulty concentrating or remembering things
  • Feeling negative, irritable, impatient, or unmotivated
  • Lacking interest in everyday activities
  • Less than your usual attention to your personal appearance
  • Sleeping more or spending more time in bed

Symptoms associated with caregiver fatigue:6Stringfellow A. What is Caregiver Fatigue? Seniorlink Blog. March 11, 2019. Viewed May 24, 2022.

  • Feeling overwhelmed and constantly worried 
  • Feeling tired often
  • Withdrawal from friends and family members
  • Lack of motivation for caregiving and for trying new things
  • Losing interest in things you used to enjoy
  • Excessive alcohol or drug use, including sleeping pills
  • Having frequent headaches, bodily pain or other physical symptoms
  • Missing doctor’s appointments and other responsibilities
  • Being unable to fall and stay asleep or sleeping too much 
  • Feeling angry
  • Feeling sad or depressed – hopelessness, alienation, helplessness, irritability
  • Resentment toward the person you care for, possibly leading to anger

What may cause or trigger fatigue?

These situations may trigger or worsen fatigue among people with cancer:

  • Alcohol or drug use
  • Excess physical activity
  • Lack of physical activity
  • Medications, such as antihistamines, cough medicines, or sedatives
  • Not enough sleep
  • Unhealthy eating habits
  • Consuming excess caffeine
  • Metabolic or hormone imbalances
  • Infection
  • Cancer treatments such as radiation therapy, surgery, and some drugs, hormone therapies, and immunotherapies

Some medications used during cancer treatment or for other conditions may trigger fatigue. Check the inserts with any prescription medications you use or ask your pharmacist if you have concerns. Therapies that we have reviewed that may trigger fatigue:

Some evidence shows complementary therapies may trigger fatigue:

Pain may worsen fatigue.7Charalambous A, Giannakopoulou M, Bozas E, Paikousis L. Parallel and serial mediation analysis between pain, anxiety, depression, fatigue and nausea, vomiting and retching within a randomised controlled trial in patients with breast and prostate cancer. BMJ Open. 2019 Jan 24;9(1):e026809. Alleviating either fatigue or pain to interrupt the feedback loop between them may provide relief of both symptoms.

Risk factors

In addition to cancer and treatment-related risk factors, people with these conditions are at higher risk of fatigue:

Overweight or obesity

Grief

Heart disease

Mental health issues, such as depression or anxiety

Sleep problems

Illness:

  • Cancer
  • Rheumatology illnesses such as rheumatoid arthritis and systemic lupus
  • Fibromyalgia
  • Chronic fatigue syndrome

Risk factors for caregiver fatigue:8Mayo Clinic staff: Caregiver stress: tips for taking care of yourself. Mayo Clinic. March 22, 2022. Viewed May 24, 2022.

  • Being female
  • Having fewer years of formal education
  • Living with the person you are caring for
  • Social isolation
  • Having depression
  • Financial difficulties
  • Higher number of hours spent caregiving
  • Lack of coping skills and difficulty solving problems
  • Lack of choice in being a caregiver

Situations that may trigger or worsen caregiver fatigue:9Stringfellow A. What is Caregiver Fatigue? Seniorlink Blog. March 11, 2019. Viewed May 24, 2022. 

  • Role strain 
  • Unreasonable demands from your care recipient, other family members, work, or other sources
  • Unrealistic expectations
  • Lack of control including lack of resources for caregiving, such as time or money
  • Poor health

Personal stories

Laura Pole, RN, MSN, OCNS, October 18, 2018: BCCT advisor Janie Brown, RN, MSN, MA, is an oncology nurse and co-founder of a cancer retreat program and center in Vancouver, British Columbia. Her BCCT story is a treasure trove of helpful information. She describes how her partner with breast cancer and her team made decisions about chemotherapy, wove in useful complementary therapies to prevent and minimize treatment side effects and created a caring community. The integrative plan staved off usual chemotherapy side effects including fatigue.

Why is managing fatigue important?

Fatigue can affect your quality of life, keeping you not only from recreational activities you enjoy but also from working or providing care for children, elders, pets, or others in your life. Fatigue can even interfere with your ability to take care of your own basic needs, such as preparing meals, doing laundry, and paying bills. It can also interfere with your ability to socialize with the people you need for support, isolating you when you most need help and companionship.

Fatigue may also affect your immune function (preliminary evidence).

In extreme cases, fatigue may cause a person with cancer to stop treatment. Managing fatigue may allow you to complete treatment to achieve its full benefits.

Resources

What approaches can help you manage fatigue?

We present many approaches to reducing fatigue and the evidence regarding their effectiveness. Fatigue may also be a symptom of stress. If stress is contributing to your fatigue, managing your stress will be important in reducing it.

Self-care practices

Eating Well: preliminary evidence

Substantially less fatigue among people eating a diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and foods high in omega-3 fatty acids (preliminary evidencesignificant effects in small or poorly designed clinical studies OR conflicting results in adequate studies but a preponderance of evidence of an effect (this is the CancerChoices definition; other researchers and studies may define this differently))

Recommended in practice guidelines for managing fatigue

Moving More: mixed evidence

Less cancer-related fatigue among people participating in exercise without regard to treatment phase
(good evidencesignificant effects in one large or several mid-sized and well-designed clinical studies (randomized controlled trials (RCTs) with an appropriate placebo or other strong comparison control or observational studies that control for confounds) (this is the CancerChoices definition; other researchers and studies may define this differently))

Less cancer-related fatigue during treatment among people participating in exercise (strong evidenceconsistent, significant effects in several large (or at least one very large) well designed clinical studies or at least two meta-analyses of clinical studies of moderate or better quality (or one large meta-analysis) finding similar results (this is the CancerChoices definition; other researchers and studies may define this differently))

Less cancer-related fatigue among people participating in exercise after treatment (strong evidence)

Insufficient (conflicting) evidencepreclinical evidence only OR clinical studies with such poor or unclear methodology that no conclusion can be drawn OR conflicting findings across clinical studies with no preponderance of evidence in one direction; conflicting evidence occurs when studies find conflicting effects (positive effect vs no effect or negative effect) with the same treatment and the same general study population (same cancer type, for example) (this is the CancerChoices definition; other researchers and studies may define this differently) of an impact on fatigue among people with advanced cancer participating in exercise

Recommended in practice guidelines for managing fatigue

Combining Eating Well and Moving More: preliminary evidence

  • Less fatigue among women with early breast cancer participating in an intervention of both diet and exercise (preliminary evidence)

Sleeping Well: modest evidence

More fatigue among people with metastatic colorectal cancer, lung cancer, or lymphoma with poorer sleep quality (modest evidencesignificant effects in at least three small but well-designed randomized controlled trials (RCTs), or one or more well-designed, mid-sized clinical studies of reasonably good quality (RCTs or observational studies), or several small studies aggregated into a meta-analysis (this is the CancerChoices definition; other researchers and studies may define this differently))

Creating a Healing Environment: preliminary evidence

Exposure to bright light, including blue-spectrum light, is helpful at times when you want to be alert but may interfere with sleep if it’s shortly before bedtime.

Better subjective alertness among healthy volunteers exposed to blue-enriched light (preliminary evidence)

Less fatigue or sleepiness among people exposed to bright or blue-enriched light during waking hours and not during sleep hours (preliminary evidence)

More fatigue among young adults exposed to blue light at night (using a mobile phone after going to bed) (preliminary evidence); avoiding bright or blue light as you approach bedtime is advised

Sharing Love and Support: preliminary evidence

Higher levels of a symptom cluster including fatigue among people with cancer experiencing loneliness (preliminary evidence); addressing loneliness may help relieve fatigue

Complementary approaches

Strong, good, or modest evidence of benefit

Acupuncture: mixed evidence

Less fatigue during or after cancer treatment among people treated with acupuncture (good evidencesignificant effects in one large or several mid-sized and well-designed clinical studies (randomized controlled trials (RCTs) with an appropriate placebo or other strong comparison control or observational studies that control for confounds) (this is the CancerChoices definition; other researchers and studies may define this differently))

Less cancer-related fatigue without regard to treatment phase among people treated with acupuncture (modest evidencesignificant effects in at least three small but well-designed randomized controlled trials (RCTs), or one or more well-designed, mid-sized clinical studies of reasonably good quality (RCTs or observational studies), or several small studies aggregated into a meta-analysis (this is the CancerChoices definition; other researchers and studies may define this differently))

No evidence of additional benefit to massage therapy for fatigue during autologous tissue breast reconstruction among people treated with acupuncture in a preliminary study

Recommended in practice guidelines for managing fatigue

Astragalus: modest and weak evidence

Substantially less fatigue during chemotherapy among people treated with an herbal mixture containing astragalus (modest evidence)

Less fatigue among people with advanced metastatic cancers treated with astragalus polysaccharides
(weak evidenceone or more case studies, supported by animal evidence OR small treatment effects of limited clinical significance OR studies with no controls OR weak trends of effects (this is the CancerChoices definition; other researchers and studies may define this differently))

Melatonin: good evidence except among people with advanced cancer

Less fatigue during radio/chemotherapy among people with cancer treated with melatonin (good evidence)

Less weakness or lack of energy (asthenia) among people with advanced metastatic cancer (good evidence)

No evidence of an effectoverall, one or more studies did not demonstrate that a treatment or intervention led to an expected outcome; this does not always mean that there is no effect in clinical practice, but that the studies may have been underpowered (too few participants) or poorly designed. Larger, well-designed studies provide more confidence in making assessments. on fatigue among people with advanced cancer treated with melatonin in a preliminary study

Mistletoe: modest evidence

Less fatigue among people with cancer treated with mistletoe (modest evidence)

Moxibustion: modest evidence

Less cancer-related fatigue among people treated with moxibustion (modest evidence)

Relaxation techniques: modest and preliminary evidence

Less fatigue during chemotherapy among people treated with relaxation, sometimes also with guided imagery (modest evidence)

Somewhat less fatigue during palliative radiotherapy among people with lung cancer treated with progressive muscle relaxation (preliminary evidencesignificant effects in small or poorly designed clinical studies OR conflicting results in adequate studies but a preponderance of evidence of an effect (this is the CancerChoices definition; other researchers and studies may define this differently))

Less fatigue after surgery or stem cell transplant among people with cancer treated with relaxation, sometimes with other complementary therapies (modest evidence)

Tai chi or qigong: good to preliminary evidence

Less fatigue without regard to treatment phase among people with cancer practicing qigong or tai chi 
(strong evidenceconsistent, significant effects in several large (or at least one very large) well designed clinical studies or at least two meta-analyses of clinical studies of moderate or better quality (or one large meta-analysis) finding similar results (this is the CancerChoices definition; other researchers and studies may define this differently))

Less fatigue during cancer treatment among people with breast cancer practicing tai chi (modest evidence)

Less fatigue during chemotherapy among people with colorectal cancer practicing Baduanjin qigong, a common form a qigong (preliminary evidence)

Less cancer-related fatigue after cancer treatment among people practicing tai chi (good evidence)

Recommended in practice guidelines for managing fatigue

Turmeric and curcumin: modest evidence

Less fatigue during cancer treatment (modest evidence)

Yoga: good evidence

Less cancer-related fatigue among people practicing yoga (good evidence)

Recommended in practice guidelines for managing fatigue

Therapies with preliminary or weak evidence of benefit for fatigue

Acupressure Learn moreSee Less
Electroacupuncture Learn moreSee Less
Fermented wheat germ extract Learn moreSee Less
Guided imagery Learn moreSee Less
Healing touch Learn moreSee Less
Mediterranean diet Learn moreSee Less
Polarity therapy Learn moreSee Less
Reiki Learn moreSee Less
Reishi mushroom Learn moreSee Less
Support groups and interventions Learn moreSee Less
Therapeutic Touch Learn moreSee Less

Therapies with no evidence of benefit

Non-aspirin non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) ›

  • No evidence of an effectoverall, one or more studies did not demonstrate that a treatment or intervention led to an expected outcome; this does not always mean that there is no effect in clinical practice, but that the studies may have been underpowered (too few participants) or poorly designed. Larger, well-designed studies provide more confidence in making assessments. on fatigue during chemotherapy among people with stomach cancer treated with celecoxib in a preliminary study

Further therapies used to manage fatigue

These therapies are used to manage fatigue, but we have not yet reviewed their effectiveness or safety. They are recommended in at least one clinical practice guideline; see belowUse your browser's Back button to return to this location. for guidelines ›

Electromagnetics

Ginseng

Hypnotherapy

Light therapy

Massage therapy

Mindfulness-based approaches

Psychosocial therapies:

  • Behavioral therapy
  • Cognitive behavioral therapy
  • Cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia
  • Information and counseling
  • Mind-body stress reduction
  • Psychoeducational therapies/educational therapies
  • Stimulus control/sleep restriction/sleep hygiene

Approaches for caregiver fatigue

Some practices and approaches are recommended specifically for caregivers. Within our Caregiver Handbook, see the section Finding support for yourself ›

Resources for managing fatigue

Helpsy Health

Helpsy empowers members to take control of their health through a real-time virtual nurse support service. This service is available via mobile devices, a Helpsy website and automated phone calls.

Access the Helpsy website

Cancer.Net

Section titled How is cancer-related fatigue managed?

Fatigue

How do integrative experts manage fatigue?

Both medical groups and integrative experts provide recommendations for managing fatigue. Learn more about the approaches and meanings of recommendations.

Clinical practice guidelines

Recommends yoga as part of multidisciplinary approach to treat fatigue

Recommendations for cancer-related fatigue:

Acupuncture

Mindfulness-based approaches

Psychosocial therapies:

  • Behavioral therapy
  • Cognitive behavioral therapy
  • Psychoeducational therapies/educational therapies

Yoga

Moving More for non-cachectic patients with cancer (generally recommended):

  • Physical exercise of moderate intensity and aerobic and functional resistance exercise are recommended in patients with cancer-related fatigue
  • Physical activities like walking and home-based aerobic and resistance exercises are recommended to improve cancer-related fatigue and quality of life

Cognitive behavioral therapy: recommended to manage cancer-related fatigue

Information and counseling: recommended in cancer patients and their caregivers to help them in understanding CRF and to educate them about ways to either prevent fatigue, avoid it becoming a chronic condition or to manage it

Mind-body stress reduction: could be an option to improve cancer-related fatigue

Psychoeducation: recommended to manage cancer-related fatigue

Yoga: could be an option to improve cancer-related fatigue and quality of life

Not recommended due to moderate evidence against efficacy or for adverse outcome:

  • Astragalus
  • Coenzyme Q10
  • Guarana
  • L-carnitine

National Comprehensive Cancer Network

Two guidelines evaluate therapies for treating fatigue; login required.

 

NCCN Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology: Cancer-Related Fatigue. Version 2.2022. ›

Therapies listed for treating fatigue:

Eating Well (active treatment or after treatment)

Moving More: 

  • Maintain optimal level of activity (active treatment or after treatment)
  • Optimize level of activity (end of life)

Acupuncture (after treatment)

Bright white light therapy to treat fatigue among people in active treatment or after treatment. 1250–10,000 lux is most frequently self-administered in the early morning for 30–90 minutes. Timing needs to be adjusted for those who sleep during the day

Massage therapy (active treatment)

Psychosocial therapies:

  • Cognitive behavioral therapy/behavior therapy (during active treatment or after treatment)
  • Cognitive-behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) (active treatment or after treatment)
  • Mindfulness-based stress reduction (after treatment)
  • Psychoeducational therapy (active treatment or after treatment)
  • Supportive expressive therapies (active treatment or after treatment)
  • Stimulus control/sleep restriction/sleep hygiene (active treatment or after treatment)

Yoga (during active treatment or after treatment)

NCCN Guidelines for Patients®: Survivorship Care for Cancer-Related Late and Long-Term Effects, 2020. ›

Therapies listed for treating fatigue:

Eating Well

Acupuncture

Psychosocial therapies:

  • Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT)
  • Mindfulness-based stress reduction
  • Supportive expressive therapies
  • Psychoeducational therapy

Society for Integrative Oncology

Two guidelines discuss managing fatigue among people with cancer.

Clinical practice guidelines on the evidence-based use of integrative therapies during and after breast cancer treatment ›

Recommends selectively offering or providing this service to individual patients based on professional judgment and patient preferences:

  • Acupuncture after treatment
  • Ginseng during treatment
  • Hypnosis during treatment
  • Yoga after treatment

Insufficient evidence to recommend for fatigue:

  • Moving More
  • Managing Stress
  • Acupressure
  • Biofield healing
  • Coenzyme Q10
  • Light treatment
  • Massage
  • Meditation
  • Mind-body cognitive therapy
  • Multivitamin
  • Polarity therapy
  • Qigong
  • Reflexology
  • Reishi mushroom
  • Relaxation

Recommends against use for fatigue:

  • Acetyl-L-carnitine during treatment
  • Guarana during treatment

Evidence-based clinical practice guidelines for integrative oncology: complementary therapies and botanicals ›

Recommendations for treating fatigue:

  • Acupuncture (weak recommendation)
  • Energy therapies, including Therapeutic Touch™, healing touch, reiki, polarity therapy, external qigong & electromagnetics (strong recommendation)

Integrative programs and protocols

Lise Alschuler, ND, FABNO, and Karolyn Gazella

Approaches are described for certain cancer types, or along with certain conventional therapy treatments, or for particular conditions including fatigue.

Keith Block, MD

Block KI. Life over Cancer: The Block Center Program for Integrative Cancer Care. New York: Bantam Dell. 2009.

The integrative Block Program has recommendations to people who are at different places along the cancer continuum:

  • Those who’ve been recently diagnosed
  • Those in treatment
  • Those who’ve concluded treatment and need to remain vigilant to prevent recurrence

Neil McKinney, BSc, ND

McKinney N. Naturopathic Oncology, Fourth Edition. Victoria, BC, Canada: Liaison Press. 2020.

This book includes descriptions and uses of many natural and complementary protocols for cancer in general and for specific cancers. It also includes information on integrative support during conventional cancer treatment.

Gurdev Parmar, ND, FABNO, and Tina Kaczor, ND, FABNO

Parmar G, Kaczor T. Textbook of Naturopathic Oncology: A Desktop Guide of Integrative Cancer Care. 1st edition. Medicatrix Holdings Ltd. 2020.

This book provides information on the treatment of 24 cancers, plus the most effective treatments of the most common symptoms affecting cancer patients while they undergo chemotherapy, radiotherapy, or surgery.

Traditional medicine

Practitioners of traditional medical systems, including traditional Chinese medicine and Ayurveda, offer therapies and approaches to manage fatigue. Some recommendations from traditional Chinese medicine are included in clinical practice guidelines on this page.

Learn more about traditional medicine and how to find practitioners.

Explore other side effects and symptoms

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Clinical practice guidelines

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Authors

Nancy Hepp, MS

Lead Researcher and Program Manager
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Ms. Hepp is a researcher and communicator who has been writing and editing educational content on varied health topics for more than 20 years. She serves as lead researcher, program manager, and writer for CancerChoices. Her graduate work in research and cognitive psychology, her master’s degree in instructional design, and her certificate in web design have all guided her in writing and presenting information for a wide variety of audiences and uses. Nancy’s service as faculty development coordinator in the Department of Family Medicine at Wright State University also provided experience in medical research, plus insights into medical education and medical care from the professional’s perspective.

Nancy Hepp, MS Lead Researcher and Program Manager

Laura Pole, RN, MSN, OCNS

Senior Clinical Consultant
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Laura Pole is senior clinical consultant for CancerChoices. Laura is an oncology clinical nurse specialist who has been providing integrative oncology clinical care, navigation, consultation, and education services for over 40 years. She is the co-creator and co-coordinator of the Integrative Oncology Navigation Training at Smith Center for Healing and the Arts in Washington, DC. Laura also manages the “Media Watch Cancer News That You Can Use” listserv for Smith Center/Commonweal. In her role as a palliative care educator and consultant, Laura has served as statewide Respecting Choices Faculty for the Virginia POST (Physician Orders for Scope of Treatment) Collaborative as well as provided statewide professional education on palliative and end-of-life care for the Virginia Association for Hospices and Palliative Care.

For CancerChoices, Laura curates content and research, networks with clinical and organizational partners, brings awareness and education of integrative oncology at professional and patient conferences and programs, and translates research into information relevant to the patient experience as well as clinical practice.

Laura sees her work with CancerChoices as a perfect alignment of all her passions, knowledge and skills in integrative oncology care. She is honored to serve you.

Laura Pole, RN, MSN, OCNS Senior Clinical Consultant

Last update: June 21, 2022

Last full literature review: April 2022

CancerChoices provides information about integrativein cancer care, a patient-centered approach combining the best of conventional care, self care, and evidence-informed complementary care in an integrated plan cancer care. We review complementaryin cancer care, complementary care involves the use of therapies intended to enhance or add to standard conventional treatments; examples include supplements, mind-body approaches such as yoga or psychosocialtherapy, and acupuncture therapies and self carelifestyle actions and behaviors that may impact cancer outcomes; examples include eating health-promoting foods, limiting alcohol, increasing physical activity, and managing stress practices to help patients and professionals explore and integrate the best combination of conventionalthe cancer care offered by conventionally trained physicians and most hospitals; examples are chemotherapy, surgery, and radiotherapy and complementary therapies and practices for each person.

Our staff have no financial conflicts of interest to declare. We receive no funds from any manufacturers or retailers gaining financial profit by promoting or discouraging therapies mentioned on this site.

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